How is glaucoma treated?
The treatment of glaucoma is aimed at reducing intraocular pressure. The most common first line treatment of glaucoma is usually prescription eye drops that must be taken regularly. In some cases, systemic medications, laser treatment, or other surgery may be required. While there is no cure as yet for glaucoma, early diagnosis and continuing treatment can preserve eyesight.
- Laser surgery – Laser trabeculoplasty helps fluid drain out of the eye. A high-energy laser beam is used to stimulate the trabecular meshwork to work more efficiently at fluid drainage. The results may be somewhat temporary, and the procedure may need to be repeated in the future.
- Conventional surgery – If eye drops and laser surgery aren’t effective in controlling eye pressure, you may need a filtering procedure called a trabeculectomy. Filtering microsurgery involves creating a drainage flap, allowing fluid to percolate into and later drain into the vascular system.
- Drainage implants – Another type of surgery, called drainage valve implant surgery, may be an option for people with uncontrolled glaucoma, secondary glaucoma or for children with glaucoma. A small silicone tube is inserted in the eye to help drain aqueous fluid.